(2)慕课操作导航-Navigating the MOOC-公开课-关爱惟士
(2)慕课操作导航-Navigating the MOOC


Hello, my name is Shannon, and I’m a part of the academic team behind the Preventing Dementia MOOC.


I’d like to present an overview of how to navigate the MOOC. This presentation is intended for people who are unfamiliar with how the course works, or just need a refresher. You’re welcome to use this guide before you begin the course, or you can delve straight in and return to this video later if required.

我想介绍一下如何使用慕课。 此演示主要面向不熟悉课程操作流程或仅需要复习的参与者。 欢迎您在开始课程之前使用本指南,或者您可以先进入课程,需要时再返回到此视频。

Changing your Profile Picture


Firstly, I'll show you how to change your profile photo. At the top right of the screen you'll see your name. Click on this and then Profile from the menu - you'll get some options. You can change your Nickname, add a little Tagline, or click this button to change your Picture. Click Upload and then Browse to where your photo is stored, and then click Choose. Once you've selected it click Add, and then Save and Close. Note that your image must be less than 1000 pixels wide and 1000 pixels high. It must be either a JPG or a GIF file and can't be any larger than 1 MB. In other words, just make sure your image isn't too large. And please, only upload an image of yourself.

首先,我会向您展示如何更换头像。 你会在屏幕右上方看到你的名字。 点击你的名字,然后从菜单中选择“我的账户”-你会看到一些选项。 你可以更改昵称,添加个性签名,或者点击按钮更改头像。 点击“上传”,浏览你所存储的照片,然后选择所要上传的照片。 选好之后点击“添加”,然后“保存”并“关闭”。 注意照片应小于1000像素×1000像素。 照片格式必须是JPG或者GIF,且不得大于1MB。 也就是说,要确保你的照片不能过大。 并且,请上传你本人的照片。



Now I'll give you a demonstration of this top navigation bar. This will be on all the pages within the MOOC. Clicking the left-hand button - the Home button - will always bring you back to this front page.

现在我给大家演示一下这个顶部导航栏。 它会出现在慕课所有的页面中。 点击左边的主页按钮会返回到首页。

Next is the Content button. This is probably the most important one, because it is through this that you're going to access all the content that's inside the MOOC. I'll explain more about this a little later.

接着是内容按钮。 这个可能最为重要,因为通过它你将可以访问慕课里面的所有内容。 稍后我会对此做进一步讲解。

The Discussions tool is where a list of discussion topics is located. This is where you may go to participate in text conversations with your fellow participants and Wicking experts or engage in different activities that we provide within the MOOC.

讨论工具位于讨论主题列表中。 在这里你可以与课程参与者及专家进行文本对话,或参与我们在慕课中提供的不同任务。

Next, the Grades tool is where you can see which quizzes you have successfully submitted, and the highest score you have achieved on each quiz.


And finally, the Glossary tool is where we’ll list dictionary definitions of the various terms you’ll come across in the MOOC.


I’d now like to present an overview of the Content in the MOOC, because it’s within the content that you’ll probably spend most of your time as you learn about dementia.


We’ve tried to present the content in an accessible, engaging, and flexible way. We’ve simplified the navigation so that you can step through each page like a book. Whenever we present an activity to you, we’ll link to it directly so that you never have to navigate to it yourself.

我们尽量以容易理解的、有趣的以及灵活的方式来表述这一部分。 我们已经对使用导引进行了简化,这样你就可以像看书一样,浏览每一页。 当我们向你展示一个任务时,我们会直接给出任务的链接,这样你就不用再通过使用导引自己寻找了。

Once you’ve logged in and entered the course, you’ll find the Content link in the navigation bar at the top here. Click the link and you’ll land on the course overview page.

一旦登录并进入了该课程,您会在顶部的导航栏中找到内容链接 点击链接,登陆课程概述页面。

You’ll notice on the left-hand side there is a Table of Contents. We’ve split the course into weeks, so that you can roughly gauge how far you’ve progressed. Content is released weekly, and can then be accessed once you have completed certain activities.

你会注意到左手边有一个目录列表。 我们把课程分成了几周,这样你就可以大致估计自己的学习进度。 内容会按周发布,只有完成特定任务才能看到新发布的内容。

If you click the Table of Contents you'll see a list of topic pages. Within a module, you can visit any page in any order, but we highly recommend that you start from the beginning and work your way through page by page.

点击目录列表,会出现主题页面列表。 在一个模块中,您可以按任何顺序访问任何页面,但是我们强烈建议您从头开始,按顺序逐页学习。

Any pages with the word Quiz in the title will contain a link to a Quiz for you to complete.


Click a link to see that page. Each page contains information that will advance your understanding of dementia. In the Introduction, we will ask you to spend some time familiarising yourself with the MOOC.

单击链接以查看该页。 每一页都包含可以促进你对认知症的理解的信息。 在引言中,我们将要求你花一些时间熟悉慕课。

Here, for example, is a map of the course modules and content. It is possible to step through the pages of the course using the buttons at either the top or the bottom of the page. This is like turning the pages of a book.

例如,这是课程模块和内容的映射。 可以使用页面顶部或底部的按钮来浏览课程页面。 就像翻书一样。

We often feature short videos of discussions within the content. You can play these videos directly on the page. If you cannot watch the video, or would prefer to read text, we have also provided transcripts for each video.

内容中会经常出现简短的讨论视频。 你可以直接在页面上播放这些视频。 如果你不能观看视频,或者更喜欢阅读文本,我们也提供了每个视频的文本资料。

If you find that the summary within the videos is too quick to read, you can pause the videos at any time. Simply click on the screen while it's playing, and click it again to continue playing. Alternatively, you can click Play or Pause at the bottom-left of the video. If you want to re-watch part of the video, you can simply drag the playerhead at the bottom of the clip to the desired location.

如果觉得视频中的摘要播放得太快,可随时暂停视频。 播放状态点击屏幕就可暂停播放,再次点击即可继续播放。 也可点击视频左下方的“播放”或“暂停”按钮来进行操作。 如果想重看视频的某部分,只需将视频下方的进度条拖到想要观看的视频位置即可。

I’m on a different page now. You will notice the activity box. Once you are ready, you can participate in discussion forums about the topic. Occasionally, we may ask you to complete a quiz.

我不在当前页面。 你会注意到任务框。 一旦准备好了,您就可以去讨论区参加这个话题的讨论。 有时,我们可能要求您完成一个小测验。

You'll notice at the top of each page a series of links that we call breadcrumbs. You can use these to locate where you are within the content.

你会注意到在每页的顶部有一系列链接,我们称它们为痕迹导航。 你能够运用它们来定位你在内容中的位置。

After the introduction, the course is divided into four modules, which will open on successive Thursdays.


When you have visited a topic page within a section of the course, a tick will appear next to that topic in the Table of Contents.  After all topics are viewed, you will see above the topic list a message that the section is “100% complete.” Please note that this feature is intended to allow you to keep track of where you are up to in the course. A tick on a page only shows that you have visited it, but not necessarily that you have completed all activities on that page, such as watching a video or submitting a quiz.  To confirm whether you have successfully submitted a quiz, please check under “Grades.”

当你在课程的某一节查看了一个主题页后,该主题对应的目录旁边就会出现一个标记。 当你查看了所有主题之后,主题列表上方会出现一条消息,显示此节“100%完成”。请注意这个功能是为了方便你跟踪自己在课程中的完成情况。 页面上的标记只能说明你查看过该页,并不代表你已经完成了该页的所有任务,比如观看一段视频或者提交了小测验。 可通过在“成绩”下查询分数,来确认自己是否已经成功提交了测验。

So that’s a quick overview of Content within the Preventing Dementia MOOC.


Discussion Boards


Next I’d like to present an overview of the Discussions tool in the MOOC, because it is a vital part of the way that we communicate during the course.


Discussion topics allow you to interact with your peers and get guidance from academic staff in a way that is similar to what would happen in a university class tutorial. You can get feedback on your ideas, be exposed to new ideas and perspectives, and discuss important aspects of the material you are learning and its implications.

讨论主题促使您与同伴进行互动,并能够获得同大学课堂一样的学术人员的指导。 您的想法能够得到反馈,您能够接触新的想法和观点,并讨论您正在学习的材料的重要内容及其含义。

So how do you get to the Discussions? Well, once you’ve logged in to the course you’ll find in the top, navigation bar a link called Discussions. Just click on this link and you’ll be taken to the list of discussion topics.

那么如何进行讨论呢? 当登录进课程,在顶部导航栏有个名为“讨论”的链接。 点击这个链接,就会进入讨论主题列表。

You’ll notice a number of topics. The first ones are general topics.

你将会看到很多话题。 首先出现的是一般性话题。

Use the ‘Your Course Feedback’ discussion to highlight any feedback that you consider important regarding any aspect of the course. All participants will be able to see your comments.

对课程任何方面你认为很重要的反馈,可以通过“你的课程反馈”进行讨论。 所有参与者都能看到你的意见。

The Social Space discussion is a place to chat, or to have off-topic conversations with your peers.


There is also a Technical Issues topic where you might want to report computer problems related to the MOOC. It’s certainly worth having a look in here to see whether somebody else has answered your problem. If you have figured out how to solve a problem yourself then you are more than welcome to report your solution here.

还有一个是有关技术问题的,您可能需要报告与慕课有关的计算机问题。 可以在这里查看是否已经有人回答了你的问题。 如果你的问题得到了解决,那么非常欢迎你在这里报告自己的解决方案。

So what does a discussion topic look like?


I’ll enter the ‘Social Space’ topic as an example. So I just click on the link and you’ll notice that we have a thread in here already.

作为一个例子,我将进入“社会空间”话题。 点击链接,你就会发现我们已经有了一个帖子。

To start a thread, click the Start a New Thread button. Now, just like writing an email, you need to enter a subject and then the message. Then, when you’ve finished, press the Post button.

点击“创建新帖”按钮,开始创建帖子。 现在,就像写电子邮件一样,你需要输入一个主题,然后输入信息。 完成后,按下“发布”按钮。

Only create threads when you’re certain that no other thread covers that same topic; that is, only create a new thread when you’re starting a new conversation. Often you’ll be responding to threads that are already there.

确保您所创建帖子的同一主题未被其它帖子涵盖;也就是说,只有在您开始新会话时才创建新帖子。 通常你会对已有帖子进行回复。

If you want to make a reply to somebody else's thread, click on the message subject line. You are taken to a new page, where you can click Reply to Thread. You can fill in the message just as you would when you're posting the first message of a new thread.

如果您想要回复其他人的帖子,则点击信息主题栏。 然后打开新页面,点击“回帖”按钮。 就如发表一个新帖子的首条信息时,输入所需的信息。

To return to the list of messages within a discussion topic, you can click on the View Topic breadcrumb up here, or you can jump back even further and list all of the discussions using the Discussions List breadcrumb.


Now, eventually there will be perhaps hundreds of threads with thousands of messages, and you’ll need ways of managing those. The fastest way to look for a particular thread or message is to search for it. In the top-right corner of the topic list and thread list is the search box. You can enter the name of a person or a snippet from the message, and the messages or threads which match will be returned.

最终可能有数百个帖子附带数千条信息,你可能需要一些方法来管理这些帖子和信息。 查找某个特定帖子或信息,最快的方法就是搜索。 搜索框位于主题列表和帖子列表的右上角。 输入人名或信息的字段,匹配的信息或帖子将会出现。

A handy tip is to search for your own name. That will bring up all your messages within a particular discussion board. This may include replies to someone else’s thread. If you then click on “clear search” you will be able to see other replies within each thread.

一个小窍门就是搜索你自己的名字。 将会出现你在某特定讨论板中的所有信息。 其中可能包含了对其他人的帖子的回复。 点击“清除搜索”,将会出现每个帖子中的其他回复。

You can subscribe to any post or thread. For any post or thread that you have created, the platform will automatically subscribe you to this thread. That means, you will be notified if anyone writes back to you. Click on the Subscribe to this thread and make sure the box is ticked if you want to follow any of the conversations. You will see a notification alert under the Bell symbol if someone replies to you.

您可以订阅任何帖子或线程。 对于您创建的任何帖子或线程,平台将自动订阅您的线程。 也就是说,如果有人写信给你,你会得到通知。 单击此线程的“订阅”,并确保如果您想执行任何会话,则该框被勾选。 如果有人回复你,你会在铃铛符号下看到通知提醒。

There are ways that you can sort your messages or threads. You can flag the ones that are important to you by selecting the drop-down arrow beside the name and selecting Flag Thread or Flag Post. This is useful later when you want to filter messages to just those that you’ve flagged, by clicking Flagged like so. Likewise, you can filter to just those messages that haven’t been read.

你可以通过下列方法对信息或线程进行排序。 选择名称旁边的下拉箭头,选择重要的线程或帖子,对其做出重要标记。 通过单击这样的标记,可以很容易筛选出标记过的重要信息。 同样,您也可以筛选出那些未被读取的信息。

So, there are a few tips in how to manage your discussions, but you also need to know about netiquette, which is a term that means how to behave online. Even when you’re anonymous, you need to be respectful of others. We’re sure you will be, but nonetheless we will be monitoring activity to ensure that everybody remains polite and respectful during the discussions.

以上是关于如何管理自己在讨论中的行为的一些建议,同时你还需要了解网络礼仪,即,在网上如何表现。 即使你是匿名的,你也需要尊重他人。 我们相信你会这样做,但我们还是会对其进行监控,以确保大家在讨论中都能保持礼貌和尊重。

You need to remember that the messages you post are open to anyone in the world, so only say what you would ever be willing to share publicly. You need to consider whether the information you are discussing is confidential or private.

你需要记住,你发布的信息对世界上任何人都是开放的,所以只谈论你愿意公开分享的信息。 你需要考虑你正在讨论的信息是很机密的还是隐私的。

Below this video you’ll find a link to a page which contains further information on netiquette and the expectations we have of how the discussion boards should be used. Please take the time to read through it, as it will help ensure that everyone has an enjoyable time using the discussion boards.

本视频下面有一个网页链接,该网页包含关于网络礼仪的更多信息和我们对于如何使用该讨论板的期望。 请花时间仔细阅读,这将有助于确保大家能愉快地使用该讨论板。

So, there you have it. That’s an overview of the Discussions system.

好了,就讲这么多。 这就是该讨论系统的总体情况。